|Paper||Name of the Section||Max Marks||Duration|
|General English||100||90 mins|
Economic & Social Issues and Agriculture & Rural DevelopmentOther Posts:
In the following article, we are providing a comprehensive preparation guide for the descriptive English Language paper of NABARD Grade ‘A’ and ‘B’ Phase 2:
Following table gives you a brief summary of the ‘General English’ section:
|Exam Syllabus||Essay, Precis, Reading Comprehension, Business/Office correspondence (Memos, Emails, Letters)|
|Marks & Duration||100 marks; 90 minutes|
|Evaluation criteria||Writing skills, comprehension, understanding of context|
|Mode of exam||Online (typing on keyboard)|
|Important topics||Topics related to Agriculture, Economy, and Rural Development|
Candidates are required to have a good knowledge of grammar, comprehension skills and excellent vocabulary. These can be achieved by sparing some time every day to read newspapers, novels and magazines and brushing up basics of English grammar.
For NABARD Phase 2 Descriptive paper, we suggest you read online articles related to Agriculture, Economy, and Rural development. The Reading comprehension passages will mostly contain passages related to these topics. This way, you’re preparing for both ‘Descriptive paper’ and ‘Economic & Social Issues’ and ‘Agriculture and Rural Development’ simultaneously.
We also suggest you practice typing essays, precis and letters on a daily basis.
Why online articles?
In Phase 2 Descriptive paper, you will be required to answer by typing on the keyboard. Reading online articles and practicing typing will help you get accustomed to it.
Topic-wise preparation tips for NABARD Phase 2 Descriptive Paper
Essay is a short piece of writing on a given topic. Essays broadly comprise of; Introduction, Body and Conclusion. Essays should be error-free and should be properly structured and have a flow of ideas.
Introduction of Essay
Start by introducing your topic. Write briefly about the background of the topic, why it is relevant and mention your opinion about the topic, which you can later explain elaborately in the body of the essay.
Body of Essay
The body of your essay needs to be comprised of paragraphs presenting your views on the topic in detail. However, you must restrict the body to 2 to 3 paragraphs. (it’s important that you don’t get carried away while writing the body; always stay within the word limit).
In the body, include examples to support your views; include statistical data and percentages and facts. Also, body is where you put forth your strongest argument first, followed by second strongest, and so on. Each of your paragraph can contain one of your main ideas, followed by sentences supporting the ideas.
Conclusion of Essay
Conclusion is a summary of your essay. Use the conclusion part to summarize and restate your main argument with the strongest evidences supporting it. Do not introduce a new idea in the conclusion and refrain from using the same words that you used in the body.
Take a few minutes to plan your essay and think about what you’re going to type instead of starting immediately. For instance, if you have 15 minutes allotted for the essay, spend the first 5 minutes planning your essay, 8 minutes writing it and use the remaining 2 minutes to revise/edit your essay.
Precis (pronounced as Perisi) is a short & concise summary of a given passage. Precis contains all the important topics, mood and tone of author and the main idea of the original passage.
It’s important that you stick to the word limit in precis. We suggest you go through sample precis and practice typing them out.
Following are steps to write a precis (in brief):
Step 1: Read the given passage and note down or highlight the most important points and keywords in the same order as presented in the original passage.
Step 2: Also note down the main idea or gist of the original passage and make note of the tone used by the author.
Step 3: Re-read the original passage and compare it with the notes you took down and cross-check if you missed any crucial information.
Step 4: Provide an appropriate topic to your precis.
Step 5: Finally, draft your precis based on the notes you took down.
Read: Detailed Guide on Precis Writing
Reading comprehension tests your reading speed, comprehension skills and ability to understand meaning of words and sentences through context.
To master reading comprehension:
- You need to have a good reading speed
- Master your vocabulary by learning new words every day
- Read up idioms and phrases and understand their meaning. Use them in your daily conversation
- Read newspapers, editorials, etc. on topics like Agriculture, Rural development and Economy
Read: How to improve reading speed | Complete Guide to Reading Comprehension
Writing for Business/Officer correspondence refers to writing memos, emails & letters. There are several differences in the way memos, letters and emails are written in terms of format, tone, purpose and length. Before writing memos, emails & letters, you need to determine the purpose of writing and who you’re writing to.
Memos should contain a subject line, introduction, discussion & conclusion. Your subject line needs to be catchy as 100% of the readers will read your memo. Your introduction should contain the purpose of writing the memo and what you’re expecting.
The discussion should contain the reporter’s questions like what, who, why, how and when. Your conclusion needs to be complimentary as well as include details of action you want the readers to take. Memos can be written in an informal friendly tone and in simple language.
Few things to keep in mind when writing an email:
- Know your audience
- Identify yourself
- Use the right email ids
- Write a simple and catchy subject line
- Keep your message structured and brief
- Use highlighting where necessary
- Proofread before sending your email
There are various kinds of letters: News, complaints, sales, adjustments, inquiries and covers.
Following are a few essential components that letters should contain:
- Address of the writer
- Address of the recipient
- Body of the letter
- Complimentary conclusion
- Signed and typed name
However, there are some components that are optional depending on the type of letter you’re drafting:
- Subject line
- Enclosure/new page notations
- Initials of the writer
- Copy notation
Read: Complete English Descriptive Paper Preparation Guide
- Spend some time every day to read newspapers, magazines, novels, etc.
- Try and read everything online to get accustomed for the exam
- Learn few new words every day
- Go through sample precis, essays, letters, emails and memos
- Refer to previous year NABARD Phase 2 General English paper to determine the kind of topics you can expect
- Practice typing essays, precis, letters, memos, and emails